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Dengue Fever 2019: Symptoms, Tests, and Prevention

July 12, 2019

 

Dengue season is back!

 

 

According to NEA, the number of dengue cases registered in 2019 so far has already exceeded the total number of cases for the whole of 2018.

 

 

 

Symptoms of Dengue

The manifestation of dengue is varied, ranging from a simple viral fever to dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome.

 

The latter two (hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome)  is dangerous and life-threatening. Early diagnosis of dengue with appropriate treatment usually leads to a better outcome.

 

Unfortunately, dengue fever can present in the same way as many other viral infections such as:

  • fever
  • rash
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • aches and pains
  • bleeding gums
  • blood in the urine

 

More specific signs such as bleeding gums and blood in the urine often do not occur. Hence, a high index of suspicion is needed.

 

 

 

Tests for Dengue

Fortunately, there are tests nowadays that can detect dengue infection even in the first few days of fever.

 

Day 1-5 of fever

Dengue NS1 and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can be done.

 

After day 5 of fever

Dengue IgM and IgG can be done. If needed, your doctor would be able to advise you on the appropriate test to be done.

 

Prevention is better than cure

The old saying that prevention is better than cure is very true when it comes to dengue fever.

 

Since dengue fever is spread by the Aedes mosquito, measures to prevent the breeding of mosquito is all that is needed to prevent spread.

 

Changing the water in flower vases

Simple steps such as changing the water in flower vases on alternate days, turning over water storage containers when not in use etc, goes a long way to prevent mosquito breeding.

 

Mosquito repellents

Personal protection against mosquito bites such as the use of repellents further reduces the risk of dengue.

 

 

 

Please refer to the following website for more information www.nea.gov.sg/dengue-zika/prevent-aedes-mosquito-breeding. We all have a part to play in dengue prevention, do the mozzie wipeout today!

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Healthsprings was established in 2000 with its first medical clinic located at Bukit Panjang. In 2001, the company ventured into the medical aesthetic field and has become one of the first Singapore-based clinics to offer Lasers, Peels, Fillers, Botulinum Injections and other aesthetic services. In 2008, Healthsprings Laser and Aesthetic is opened in Orchard Road and has been known to specialise in different aesthetic procedures for the skin, face, body, and hair.

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